Factbox: Senate energy legislation

WASHINGTON Tue Jul 27, 2010 1:15am IST

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid will soon announce details of the revised energy legislation he will attempt to bring to the floor before the August recess.

The bill is seen as a key priority for the Obama administration but with time constraints and a lack of Republican support for climate control measures, Democrats have abandoned a broader bill.

The following are highlights of legislation that has already garnered some support in the Senate and may contribute to the final package.

American Power Act

Sponsor: John Kerry, Democratic Senator from Massachusetts; Joe Lieberman, Independent Senator from Connecticut

Status: Draft bill

* Facilitates cap-and-trade system for utility carbon pollution permits

* Places a tax on carbon emissions by large pollutants

* Aims to reduce carbon emissions 17 percent by 2020, more than 80 percent by 2050

National Energy Efficiency Enhancement Act of 2010 (S. 3059)

Sponsor: Jeff Bingaman, Senate Democrat from New Mexico; Lisa Murkowski, Senate Republican from Alaska; eight more senators

Status: Energy and Natural Resources Committee held hearings

* Boosts Energy Department program to increase energy efficiency of appliances

* Battles carbon emissions through better efficiency

* Builds on Bingaman's earlier bill: S. 1462

American Clean Energy and Leadership Act (S. 1462)

Sponsor: Jeff Bingaman, Senate Democrat from New Mexico

Status: Approved by committee and placed on Senate calendar

* Places carbon emissions cap on utilities

* Creates credit trading programs for utilities

* Formulates energy efficiency standards for appliances, buildings and lighting

Oil Independence for Stronger America Act (S. 3601)

Sponsor: Jeff Merkley, Democratic Senator from Oregon; Tom Carper, Democratic Senator from Delaware; Michael Bennet, Democratic Senator from Colorado; Tom Udall, Democratic Senator from New Mexico

Status: In Finance Committee

* Sets plan to reduce oil use by 8 million barrels a day and eliminate overseas oil imports by 2030

* Beefs up electric vehicle production

* Forms National Council on Energy Security

Sponsor: Byron Dorgan, Democratic Senator from North Dakota; Jeff Merkley, Democratic Senator from Oregon

Status: Approved by Energy and Natural Resources Committee

* Aims to put 400,000 plug-in electric cars on road in three years

* Creates incentives for purchase of electric cars

* Provides $1.5 billion toward electric battery R&D

Practical Energy and Climate Plan Act of 2010 (S. 3464)

Sponsor: Richard Lugar, Republican Senator from Indiana; Lindsey Graham, Republican Senator from South Carolina; Lisa Murkowski, Republican Senator from Alaska

Status: In Finance Committee

* Sets ground for continuous gradual increase of fuel efficiency standards for passenger

cars

* Creates national building energy efficiency standards, enforces standards for appliances

* Provides greater loans for new nuclear plants

Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal (CLEAR) Act

(S. 2877)

Sponsor: Maria Cantwell, Democratic Senator from Washington; Susan Collins, Democratic Senator from Maine

Status: In Finance Committee

* Aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions 20 percent by 2020, 83 percent by 2050

* Caps emissions from large fossil-fuel producers

* Streams funds from sale of emissions permits toward clean energy R&D, private citizen refunds

(Compiled by Alina Selyukh;Editing by Sofina Mirza-Reid)

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